Mkabayi in Ndumo

The Mkabayi project has been implemented in Ndumo with adult women of all ages. Ndumo is a remote rural area some six hours’ journey from Durban, with high levels of rural-urban migration. As such, the majority of residents are women of all ages, older men and young boys. There is little commercial activity in the area, and hence extremely limited employment opportunities. Families survive through access to social grants, if eligible (long-standing patterns of movement between neighbouring Swaziland and Mocambique has resulted in many families not qualifying for social grants), remittances and subsistence farming. While local government authorities control development in the community, control over the day to day lives of the community rests with traditional authorities, who impose a particularly conservative and patriarchal view of the role of women in community affairs.